6 Ways to Say “Death” in Japanese (Kanji & Meaning)


6 Ways to Say Death in Japanese - Kanji and Meaning including 死 shi

In this word and vocabulary lesson, I am going to tell you how to saydeathin Japanese. As usual, the Japanese language has a bunch of words and kanji that mean “death“, “decease“, or “passing away“. So in this blog post, we are going to discuss the 6 most common ones, their exact translations, and in which situations they can and cannot be used.

The basic Japanese word and kanji for “death” are “shi” and “死”. However, when talking about the passing of a beloved person the words “shikyo” (死去) and “eimin” (永眠) are more commonly used, while when referring to the passing of another person the more respectful “seikyo” (逝去) is more appropriate.

Read on, if you want to know every little detail about the words mentioned above, as well as the other two words that are often used for “death” in Japanese. Further down below, you can also learn how to sayangel of death” and “(grim) reaper” in Japanese shining a light on the famous (or infamous) “shinigami“.

How to Say “Death” in Japanese

  • shi – 死
  • shibou – 死亡
  • shikyo – 死去
  • shibotsu – 死没
  • eimin – 永眠
  • seikyo – 逝去

1. Shi – Basic Word and Kanji for “Death” in Japanese

Shi (死) is the basic word and kanji for “death” in Japanese but it can also be translated as “decease“. In hiragana, it is written as し (shi). Due to its strong connotation with “dying” and negative emotions such as pain, grief, and sadness, it is not often used in everyday conversations, though.

shi

death
decease

2. Shibou – Neutral Word for “Death” or “Dying” in Japanese

The more formal, neutral, and objective way to say “death” or “dying” in Japanese is the word shibou (死亡). It is used when reporting about the passing of a specific person while the cause of death is still unknown or when reporting a number of deaths that were caused by an accident or a disaster.

Since shibou (死亡) sounds rather neutral and unemotional it is less often used for the death of a specific person, such as a family member, friend, relative, or a famous person. However, it is commonly encountered in newspapers, the news, and reports about people who died in accidents or disasters.

shibou
死亡
death
dying
mortality

3. Shikyo – Means “(Sad) Death” or “Passing Away”

The Japanese word shikyo (死去) translates as “(sad) death“, “decease“, or “passing away“. It implies that the life of an individual has come to an end and that this person is no longer among us in the land of the living. You should use this word when talking about the passing of someone dear to you.

shikyo
死去
(sad) death
decease
passing away

4. Shibotsu – Formal Way to Say “Death” (Written Japanese)

Shibotsu (死没) is a very formal way to say “death” in Japanese. It is as objective and neutral as the word shibou (死亡), but even more formal. That is why it is most commonly used in written or literary language and not used when referring to the death of a related person or someone dear to you.

shibotsu
死没
death

5. Eimin – Translates as “Eternal Sleep” or “Death”

Eimin (永眠) translates as “eternal sleep” or “death” and is a politer word that is used when talking about or referring to someone’s death in Japanese. It can be used when notifying others about the death of a beloved family member, a beloved pet, or any other person you respect deeply.

eimin
永眠
eternal sleep
death

6. Seikyo – Very Respectful Way to Say “Death” in Japanese

Seikyo (逝去) is a very polite word and respectful way to say “death” in Japanese. It is never used to refer to the death of a family member or a relative. It can only be used for the passing of another person like your former teacher, a coworker, or when mourning the death of a famous person.

seikyo
逝去
death (very respectful and polite)
passing (very respectful and polite)

“Angel of Death” in Japanese

There are 3 words that you can use to say “angel of death” in Japanese: shi no tenshi (死の天使), shima (死魔), and shinigami (死神). The first one, shi no tenshi (死の天使) is the most literal translation of the English expression, while shinigami (死神) is the Japanese personification of death or a death god.

  • shi no tenshi – 死の天使
  • shima – 死魔
  • shinigami – 死神

Shi no tenshi (死の天使) literally translates as “angel of death” or “angels of death“. The first part “shi” (死, し) is the basic Japanese word and kanji for “death“, “no” (の) is a particle that translates as “of“, and tenshi (天使, てんし) is the Japanese word for “angel” or also “angels“.

shi no tenshi
死の天使
angel of death

Shima (死魔) can be translated as “angel of death“, but it actually means “demon of death“. While the first kanji shi (死) means “death”, the second kanji ma (魔), is the Japanese word and kanji for “demon”, devil, evil spirit, and any other kind of evil influence. However, the concept is the same.

shima
死魔
angel of death
demon of death

The most traditional and original way to refer to an “angel of deathin Japanese is the word shinigami (死神). While it means “angel of death“, it is more accurately translated as “god of death“, “death deity“, “Death“, or “(Grim) Reaper“.

shinigami
死神
angel of death
god of death
death deity
Death

“(Grim) Reaper” in Japanese

The two most accurate words for “reaper” or the “Grim Reaper” in Japanese are shinigami (死神) and the English loanword Riipaa (リーパー). You should use the word shinigami (死神) when talking about a personification of death or a death god and riipaa (リーパー) when specifically talking about the western one.

  • shinigami – 死神
  • riipaa – リーパー

As previously discussed, shinigami (死神) are (death) gods or supernatural spirits that invite humans toward death or guide souls into the world of the dead. They are used for tales and Japanese religion, and are often depicted in Japanese culture like in the popular anime “Death Note” and “Bleach“.

shinigami
死神
god of death
death deity
Death
reaper

The Japanese word riipaa (リーパー) is an English loanword that translates as “reaper“. It can be used in Japanese to refer to the “Grim Reaper” or any other similar western personification of Death.

riipaa
リーパー
reaper

“To Die” in Japanese

The Japanese word for “to die” is shinu (死ぬ), but it can also be translated as “to pass away“. On top of that, it can also mean “to lose spirit“, “to lose vigor“, or “to look dead“. In anime, you can often hear characters yell the phrase “Shine!” (死ね!), which translates as “Die!” or “Drop dead!

shinu
死ぬ
to die
to pass away

Shine!
死ね!
Die!
Drop dead!

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Alex

おはよう. I'm Alex. I have started studying Japanese when I was still a high school student and I have been living and working in Japan since 2015. I'm still learning new Japanese phrases and words every day and I thought that publishing them online will be useful for you, too. Hopefully, my study notes and free Japanese lessons will help you to reach the Japanese level you want to have! If you want to practice your Japanese for free follow me on Twitter and/or Instagram.

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